I started trading US Bonds for Salomon Brothers in 1986. At the time, the Federal debt was 45% of GDP, and that was perceived as “high”. Now, 35 years later, that number has tripled. How did we get here? And what about WW2? …

Now that Twitter is opening up the ability to tip users using the Bitcoin Lightning Network, many people are wondering exactly what Lightning wallets are available on mobile devices.

Consumer Lightning Wallets

There are currently 5 main non-custodial Consumer Lightning Wallets, all available on both IOS and Android (although Breez is only available…

How to migrate between the two

Bitcoin Libre uses 12 word mnemonics. Proton wallet uses 51 character private keys. It’s not difficult to go from Libre to Proton.

The test example

For the purpose of this example, we will use the test account test123123. This was generated on Libre using the following 12 words

coral shiver autumn notable place scrub window unable march panther need option

This corresponds to the account test123123 on the proton blockchain. You can verify this here: https://proton.bloks.io/account/test123123

Now, how to generate the proton private key for this example?

Step1: Use Ian Coleman’s Utility: https://iancoleman.io/bip39/

make sure to choose EOSIO for the Coin

Step 2: Note the derived address

How a country like Mexico might someday exceed China as the country with the strongest balance sheet.

Countries, like companies, hold assets on their balance sheet. These are primarily Gold and treasury bills of other countries (FX reserves). No country that I am aware of (yet) holds Bitcoin. This is…

Why Bitcoin is likely to be the best risk return adjusted asset for the next decade.


Bitcoin is a fundamental innovation on par with the invention of the Internet, or Electricity. It’s the first implementation of digital property: a scarce, verifiable and easily transferable asset that is truly decentralized and…

A study of trend following BTC using simple moving averages

An Epic Run

Bitcoin started 2017 at a price of 963. Today, 4 and a half years later, it is at 31,800, a gain of 33x. To put this in perspective, Amazon went from 757 to 3573 during that same period, about a…

Right now, the NFT world is really all about curated, programmed “drops” and “packs”. To use an analogy, it’s like HBO — there are hit shows, that everybody lines up to consume.

This is fine. I love great shows like “Silicon Valley” or “Succession”. But this is a few-to-many model…

An open source demonstration of Atomic NFTs + Proton

I’m proud to say that the first open source demo of our NFT platform is now live. Just to set expectations: this doesn’t yet have an NFT creator, and the prices are set in FOOBAR (our free token). …

Fred Krueger

bitcoin, lightning, wrapped bitcoin and wallets

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store